Monthly Archives: January 1973

1973.01.20: A Call For Action Against the Continuation of the War

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1973.01.18: Lack of Policy Bars Jane Fonda Talk at Unihi (L.A. Times)

Jane Fonda LAT

Los Angeles Times, January 18, 1973

Lack of Policy Bars Jane Fonda Talk at Unihi
By Doug Smith
Times Staff Writer

WEST LOS ANGELES – Jane Fonda may someday speak to the students of University High School on the details of her trip to Hanoi – but not this week.

Instead, the school administration will meet tonight with the Community Advisory Council to work out a policy for bringing to campus controversial speakers on various subjects.

That was the decision made by University principal John Welch when members of the student leadership class approached him by surprise last week seeking approval of a voluntary assembly at which Miss Fonda would have spoken on Wednesday.

The arrangements for Miss Fonda’s appearance were already complete. Through Michael Letwin, a publisher of the student newspaper called the Red Tide, the actress and antiwar activist proposed several days she could come to the campus. The leadership class, consisting of the members of student council, voted to sponsor an assembly that students could attend voluntarily.

Welch’s approval was the last requirement for having the assembly. But he refused.

“My view is that controversial speakers are good and there is room for them in Board of Education policy, but I need time to set up the proper guidelines so I won’t get caught in the crossfire,” Welch told The Times.

“What it boils down to is that we don’t have a policy on controversial speakers, but we will have one after getting some feedback from parents at the Community Advisory Council. This is the kind of thing I think we ought to take to the advisory council. That’s one of the reasons for decentralization of the schools,” said Welch.

However, because there was some confusion about Welch’s initial reasons for refusing the assembly, the leadership class wrote and distributed a petition advocating the assembly. In one day they collected 1,074 signatures and student body president Michael Galizio handed them to Welch.

In addition, they began a campaign to gather support for the PTA, parents, community groups and the advisory council.

“We had a meeting of the faculty-student-administration advisory committee,” said Galizio. “The faculty and administration were entirely in favor of having controversial speakers on campus. We are happy about that.

“There is a lot of student feeling here that we should be able to have Jane Fonda speak this week,” said Galizio, “but, if not, we feel we’ve made a big steps toward getting controversial speakers on campus and we’ve shown that if we’re interested in something we’re going to carry it out.”

The Los Angeles School District has a set of guidelines for students bringing outside speakers onto high school campuses. They are summarized in the Handbook on Student Rights and Responsibilities. The main requirements are that speakers should be approved in advance, their subject matter relate to the school’s educational program, efforts should be made to present all sides of controversial issues and attendance should be voluntary.

Within these guidelines Welch believes there is room for each school community to establish its own policy and structure for obtaining speakers. To do this he will bring the question before the Community Advisory Council which meets at 7:30 tonight in the Felicia Mahood Recreation Center, 11338 Santa Monica Blvd.

“First we will find out if the council agrees that there should be controversial issues presented on campus and then work out a system for smoothing the way for this to take place.

“I hope,” added Welch, “that Miss Fonda will call me so we can set up a future time when she can come to speak.”

In the meantime Miss Fonda will have to stay away and Letwin, the student who arranged her visit, isn’t happy.

1973.01.15: Red Tide Bulletin #2 (Fonda at Uni)

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1973.01.05: High School Revolt (Militant Labor Forum)

1973.01.05 Militant Labor Forum

1973.01.01: Bach Mai Bombed (Red Tide)

Bach Mai Bombed (RT)


Red Tide, Vol. II, No. 4 [Issue #8], January-February 1973

Bach Mai Bombed
[By Michael Letwin]

In Vietnamese, Bach Mai means white blossom.

On December 19th and 22nd, Bach Mai hospital in Hanoi, was bombed by U.S. B-52s. The hospital had previously been damaged by U.S. bombs on June 27th, 1972. In this most recent bombing, Bach Mai, the largest hospital in all of North Viet Nam, was completely destroyed.

On October 26, 1972, Presidential Advisor Henry Kissinger announced to the world that “peace is at hand.” On December 16, Henry Kissinger announced that the peace talks had ended with no agreement. Days later, Presidential Nixon ordered round-the-clock saturation bombing raids against Hanoi and Haiphong for the first time in the history of the Indochina war. On December 22nd, many Americans were shocked to hear reports that the largest civilian hospital in ail of North Viet Nam, Bach Mai, was bombed and completely destroyed.

The immediate response of the U.S. government to the bombing of Bach Mai hospital Came from Pentagon Jerry who said: “we have not struck any large 1000 bed civilian hospital. We have no information that indicated that at all” (Boston Globe, 12/28/72).

The Bach Mai Hospital was “blown to smithereens, blown to bits, completely destroyed to bits, completely destroyed, and hit more than once on successive days,” according to Brig. Gen. (ret.) Telford Taylor, former prosecutor at the Nuremberg war crimes trial. who is now professor of law at Columbia University. Mr. Taylor visited the hospital site this morning after the intensive bombing (N.Y. Times, 12/31/72).

The Bach Mai hospital, built by the French in 1932, was the largest and most important general teaching and research hospital in all of Viet Nam, with a bed capacity of 1150, comparable to the Stanford Medical Center in California.

Bach Mai had extensive clinical laboratories and all the auxiliary services required to run a major teaching and research hospital. The hospital was clearly defined and a landmark readily visible from the ground or from the air.

The patients of Bach Mai were entirely civilian. Patients came to Bach Mai from all over North Viet Nam. Those patients referred to Bach Mai were only the patients with the most complex medical problems.

At the time of this most recent bombing of Bach Mai, there is estimated to have been about 2000 doctors, nurses, workers, and patients at the hospital. Bach Mai itself was not destroyed until the fourth day of the most intensive bombing in the history of the war, after the patient capacity was filled to overflowing. The bombing killed 23 doctors and nurses, 2 children and an unknown number of patients. All of the medical equipment and supplies were destroyed, including 1500 quarts of blood plasma from the Bach Mai transfusion center.


[Historical Note: The Red Tide was a revolutionary high school underground newspaper and youth organization that existed from 1971-1981. See:]


1973.01.XX: Red Tide Bulletin No. 3: Fonda to Speak

1973.01.XX -- Red Tide Bulletin #3 (Fonda Victory)